Author: Primarily Solomon (1:1), with sections attributed to “the wise” (22:17), Agur (30:1), and King Lemuel (31:1). Little is known of the latter two.
Date: Solomon reigned approximately 970-930 BC. The staff of King Hezekiah, who lived about two hundred years later, “copied out” the latter chapters of the book we have today (25:1).
In Ten Words or Less: Pithy, memorable sayings encourage people to pursue wisdom.
Details: Proverbs doesn’t have a story line - it’s simply a collection of practical tips for living. Mainly from the pen of King Solomon, the wisest human being ever (in 1 Kings 3:12 God said, “I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee”), the proverbs speak to issues such as work, money, sex, temptation, drinking, laziness, discipline, and child rearing. Underlying each proverb is the truth that “the fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge” (1:7).
From Know Your Bible, published by Barbour Publishing, Inc. Used by permission.